GF 101: Understanding the Trinity

About this Course
The Trinity is the basic teaching of the Christian religion. It describes who God is and how He relates to us.

Course Objectives
In this course you will learn what the Trinity is and why it is so significant for our everyday lives. You will also become familiar with some of the most prevalent Trinitarian heresies and learn how to respond. This course will provide you with a deeper understanding of who God is as He has revealed Himself to humanity.

Key Verse
“‘To whom then will you liken Me, Or to whom shall I be equal?’ says the Holy One.” (Isaiah 40:25 NKJV)

Prerequisites
None

Duration
7 lessons, 9.5 hours of course work.

Syllabus
Print file or save and download to track your progress.

Coursework

Lesson 1: What is the Trinity? (1 hour)

1.1 Read chapter 2 “Of God and of the Holy Trinity” from the Westminster Confession of Faith.
1.2 Read the Apostles’ Creed.
1.3 Read the Athanasian Creed.
1.4 Read the Nicene Creed.
1.5 Watch “Christian ‘Trinity’ Explained in 3 Minutes (Father, Son, Spirit) Part 1”
1.6 Read the article “What is the Doctrine of the Trinity?” and then answer the following questions. (Before you read, it might be helpful to read over the questions.)

1.7 Watch “Nabeel Qureshi explaining the Trinity”.

Lesson 2: Revisiting the Doctrine of the Trinity (2.0 hours)

2.1 Take a few minutes to write down some questions or misunderstandings you still have about the Trinity.
2.2 Listen to “The Christian Doctrine of the Trinity”.
2.3 After listening, review your list of questions or misunderstandings and see if you can now provide answers or explanations to your own questions.
2.4 Think through how you would explain the Trinity to someone who has never heard the Christian doctrine.

Lesson 3: Old Testament Indications (1 hour)

3.1 Think through this question: Are there any verses or instances in the Old Testament that point to a Trinity? Write down a list of verses and examples that come to mind.
3.2 Read “Where Is the Trinity in the Old Testament?”
3.3 Read “What Does the Old Testament Say about the Trinity?”
3.4 Read “The Trinity in the Old Testament”.
3.5 Revisit your list of verses and examples. Add more examples based on your studies. What examples do you find to be the most compelling? Why?

Lesson 4: Jesus Christ: God in Human Form (1.5 hours)

4.1 Read the article “How We Can Know the New Testament Teaches that Jesus is God?”.
4.2 Read the article “11 Reasons to Affirm the Deity of Christ” and type or write out the 11 reasons cited in the article (be sure to include verses).
4.3 Read the article “Is Jesus God?”.
4.4 Read the chapter entitled “Do the New Testament Writers Teach the Deity of Christ?” and answer the following questions. (Before you read, it might be helpful to read over the questions.)

Lesson 5: The Holy Spirit as God (1.25 hours)

5.1 Read “Five Truths About the Holy Spirit”.
5.2 Read the sermon “The Personality of the Holy Ghost” and answer the following questions. (Before you read, it might be helpful to read over the questions.)

5.3 Watch the video “Who Exactly is the Holy Spirit and What Does He Do?”.
5.4 Write out several ways in which you can more consciously worship the Holy Spirit.

Lesson 6: Heresies: Erroneous Views of the Trinity in Church History (1.25 hours)

6.1 Read this short list of Trinitarian heresies and select at least 5 heresies to read about in greater detail.
6.2 Read “Denials of Orthodoxy: Heretical Views of the Doctrine of the Trinity” and answer the following questions. (Before you read, it might be helpful to read over the questions.)

6.3 Read “The Heart of Trinitarian Heresy”.
6.4 Read “Sabellianism” and answer the following questions. (Before you read, it might be helpful to read over the questions.)

Lesson 7: Answering Objections to the Trinity (1.5 hours)

7.1 Objection: The Trinity violates the law of non-contradiction. Watch Ravi Zacharias explains the Trinity.
7.2 Objection: The Trinity was conceived at the Council of Nicaea in the fourth century. Read “Was the Trinity Conceived in the Fourth Century?”.
7.3 Objection: The early church did not believe in the Trinity. Read “The Historic Case for the Trinity”.
7.4 Objection: Jesus never claimed to be God. Read “Did Jesus Claim to be God?”.
7.5 Read the article “Is Jesus Fully God?”.
7.6 Read the article “Understanding the Trinity” for an understanding of the Trinity from a philosopher’s perspective.
7.7 Reflect on what you think is the strongest challenge to the Trinity. Once you have that in mind, write out how you would respond to a non-Trinitarian if asked about that objection.


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